Aeronautical Surveillance Manual (Doc 9924)
(Advance unedited) 3rd Edition, 2020
Notice to users - this document is an unedited version of an ICAO publication and has not yet been approved in final form. As its content may still be supplemented, removed, or otherwise modified during the editing process, ICAO shall not be responsible whatsoever for any costs or liabilities incurred as a result of it use.
There have been increasing demands for more operating flexibility to improve aircraft efficiency and to reduce the impact of air travel on the environment. Aeronautical surveillance systems are major elements of modern air navigation infrastructure required to safely manage increasing levels and complexity of air traffic.
This manual has been updated by the Surveillance Panel (SP) as a reference document covering more recent and emerging techniques. The updated chapters provide the reader with a basic understanding of various systems and how they are used for air traffic surveillance while the updated appendices contain more detailed information on some of the specific systems and related topics. In the light of new developments and operational experience gained, the new edition provides new material, including practical guidance to help the reader understand the implementation of ground-based safety nets, I 090 MHz spectrum issues and proper management of 24-bit aircraft addresses associated with manned and unmanned aircraft.
||(Advance unedited) 3rd Edition, 2020